2014 – Timothy Behrens

Timothy Behrens is awarded The Lennart Nilsson prize for having developed so called probabilistic tractography methods. They made it possible to trace brain connections all the way from their source to target, and to quantify connectivity between different brain regions. The technique allows non-invasive in vivo mapping of the fiber structure of the human brain, which is of great importance for the understanding of the architecture of the brain in health and disease.

Timothy Behrens, Professor of Computational Neuroscience at the University of Oxford is awarded the 2014 Lennart Nilsson Prize for crucial efforts for the advancement of diffusion MRI, a technique for creating high resolution images of the architecture of the human brain.

Diffusion MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) makes it possible to image how water molecules move around axons and thus how different parts of the brain communicate with each other. With a strong methodological focus and using non-invasive diffusion MRI, often in combination with functional techniques or traditional tracing techniques, Timothy Behrens’ research groups studies the organization of anatomical brain connections and how they relate to regional brain function. They also investigate the role of frontal cortical mechanisms in controlling behaviour. They use computational descriptions at the behavioural and network levels to form predictions, and test these in neurophysiological, neurochemical, and lesion data.